Quiet time

July is the a quiet running time for an ultimate Comrades runner.

So I if I get out to run now it’s mostly for the joy of running, to maintain the aerobic capacity I built and to get my legs muscles to recover, deeply properly and bouncingly.

I am also working on a solution to my ultra-flaw: the one where I just can’t drink anymore. Swallow fatigue. Gulp stop.

I mean I can drink 700 ml per hour, electrolyte right. I can squeeze in, force in more. But if, as in the heat and wind of  Comrades 2013  I need 900 or more ml per hour, I dehydrate. Over 11 hours I can be a good few litres short.

I don’t worry about it too much.  I’ll find an answer. I’m sure. And if I don’t, it’s okay too.

I’ll just get close as I can to the end and then procrastinate – put off bailing until I cross the grin-ish line in time as I did this 2013 year.

Engaging your mind 3: Toughness

An exercise to get your mind right for the Comrades Marathon

Mind lock small

Accept that its going to get tough out there.

It is going to get tough. Accept that. Facing up to and going through the effort is what ultra-running and Comrades is about.

Unless you run way behind what you could be doing, it’s unlikely to be a dance out there. And even then 87 or 90 km is a long way to dance

It’s okay.  It’s meant to get hard, uncomfortable. It can even  get sore and awful. But equally is not so tough that it can’t be done. Comrades is meant to take some of your grit and determination.

So know too, that Comrades can and has been done by thousands of ordinary people, who, like me are not unique, exceptional world-record running ultra athletes. 

Also I am not one who glories in tough. I don’t want to over-eulogise tough. If you want tough then there are longer, harder runs, even a couple of impossible runs to do.

But still Comrades will make me dig deep. And I know that bit of effort, grit and a good few months of putting miles into legs, its quite possible to get through the inescapable toughness of Comrades.

Comrades Marathon: always hard but doable, with a bit of effort and grit. In doing and sharing the hard is a marvel.

Know too that you won’t crumble at the first sign of discomfort or at the 20th. Your resilience rises to meet the run.

I also always take comfort that its not the first bit that hard its only the last bits, so there is plenty of time to enjoy the run too. Except for one year when it was hard from even before the start. I think I know what caused that so it shouldn’t happen again. The way I feel now it definitely won’t happen again. And anyway, I got the medal so I know I can cope with even that.

Dealing with the discomfort or pain

The right thing to do when feeling uncomfortable or in pain is to go into it. Work out where and what it is, how bad it is and what you can do about it. While you are moving forward.

Bring the issues to light, to your mind and they already lessen.

Once you have the measured that it is not life-, limb- or organ-threatening, the pain doesn’t have to hold you back As Ann Trason, supreme ultra-athlete who did so well at the Western States 100 miler, once said, “There is a time that the pain doesn’t get any worse.” And that’s true. Unless something is seriously broken.

If there is a real problem deal with it. You can put plasters on blisters; a lube on chafes. Water into dehydration, food into energy, foot after foot on the road. You can go slower if you are starting to cramp to let your muscles recover a little.

Mind unlock small

Going slower and eating/drinking is often good. Less stress and your body can work better – digest, feed, cleanse.

It maybe as simple as getting in more sugar-carbohydrate-gels. It’s also often that you need more, so electrolytes always help, so do the oranges, bananas and potatoes you find at the aid stations. Solid food -something salty with protein, is always good – peanuts and raisins, a whole-food energy bars.

It may be that you even have to consider bailing, quitting before the end, if what troubles you is bad enough

Comrades is doable

Always Comrades is doable.

If you run to your training, eat and drink right early and often in little bits,  deal with problems you encounter,  keep your sense of humour and keep going forward nothing will stop you getting there. Just dodge the cat’s eyes the reflectors built into the road to help misted drivers and trip runners.

And if its really hard, take the Comrades heart from the runners around you, from the spectators along the road, from your family, friends and colleagues. They all want you to keep going. They want you to succeed. So do you. So, keep going.  Your rivals may not want you to but here’s a good opportunity to put one over them.

At the end, medal around the neck

And afterwards the pain is not so bad. That earned medal glows nicely, polished by the discomfort and effort.

I am one of the ordinary and know that the Comrades has made me ultra-ordinary, in that nice Comrades phrase, even extra-ordinary at times. And that gives me the strength to cope with the inevitable discomfort.

Read here for an exercise in mental training to make visualisations concrete.

Read here for an exercise in dealing with the Comrades pre-run Fears

Engaging your mind 2: Fear

Another exercise to get your mind right for the Comrades Marathon

Write down the things that worry you.

List them. Externalise them. Get them out of you. That way they don’t gnaw at, give you sleepless nights, undermine you.

Then take time to understand them.

Fears are not a sign of a moral failing, or some sort of a character flaw. Fear is deeper parts of you telling you what you need to look out for.  Each fear points to a specific thing that you can do something about, before Comrades or on race-day.

You don’t have to sMind lock smallhow your list to anyone. Just accept them,  know that they are part of the process and engage with them.

Avoid dealing with your fears is not the answer.

Once you have written them down look at them. Work out the real problem and then think what you can do about each one. Write down the answer.

You may have to read up about your issues or talk to someone who knows. The answers are there. Find them. Use them.

Eaxmple: If you are scared of not making the end in time, try to understand what is going to stop you. If you have done 800 km of running between January and race day, spread more or less evenly over the 5 months, then you have the minimum mileage to carry you through. Trust that.

It may of course be that you didn’t do the right mileage, that you are ill or injured, that you haven’t  been able to do any running in the weeks leading up to race day. Then just accept that maybe this is not your year to get a medal. If you want to give it a go even so, then know that you might have to bail and you might damage yourself. Don’t worry about it. Accept it. Wrtie down a list of indicators that would say you shouldn’t carry on. Then as you run check all the time to see if you should carry on.

Another example: If you are worried about hydration, think through your nutrition and hydration plan. Think through what you will drink and eat during the run. Think about what you need during marathons and after a standard 42.2 km marathon or a 60 km run. That’s what you need during the run, minus the excess, junk and indulgences. Amazing what an orange and an energy bar can do. Understand what the race organisers supply and how you can use it. All the info is in the race literature.

Mind unlock small

There is plenty of water along the way … usually. In 1993, on a down run, the table just past the bridge over the freeway between Camperdown and Cato Ridge, had no water when I got there. It’s unlikely to happen now, but don’t be thrown if it does. Take your preference of whatever there is and ease on to the next table.

Think also about what you need to take with you – maybe electrolyte pills, maybe oral rehydration powders. If you have your drinking and eating plan right, one set of worries will disappear


Understand your fears and and what you need to do to deal them and then do what you must. It’s a good way to ready yourself for the run.

Read here for a third exercise in preparing your mind for Comrades

Read here for the first exercise in preparing your mind for Comrades

Engaging your mind

An exercise to get your mind right for the Comrades Marathon

Mind lock smallVisualisation – making it concrete

Get a profile or map of the route. You can look at a the small one on the the official Comrades website http://www.comrades.com/Route/Route-Map.aspx or a more detailed one at mapmyrun.com  at http://www.mapmyrun.com/routes/view/2640629.  You also can rely on your memory if you’ve run it before.

If you have the patience and know the way, you can  make your own route on one of the internet mapping tools.  Doing that takes you through every step of the way.

You can use a map to help you visualise the run. The idea is to go through the whole run in your mind before the race, imagining the hills, the down hills, the distances run, how you feel, the people along the way. Go through the route, kilometer by kilometer; the whole route, the whole way, slowly.

Start if your like with getting up early before the run, or in the slow (c)rushing crowded start in the echoes of that canon-boom;  ease into the first few hundred meters, finding space to run, checking the state of the moon. Walking again as the crush concentrates up the first freeway on-ramp …. 86 km to go.

Then go on.

You don’t need to go through the whole run all at once. Take a few nights. I do it at night while drifting towards sleep.

Making it concrete

When you have imagined your way through the first 20 km, then up the ~4 km cambered curves of Fields Hill and the gentle climbs under the trees that follow, think about how you feel on your average 30 km training run.

Most of us who have done reasonable or even minimum distance training, can run, get to, ~30 km more or less intact. Fine. So it’s a good Comrades mind-bend to imagine seeing the distance marker-board next to the road up to Hillcrest that says “55 km to go”.  32 km in the legs only 55 km to go. Only 55 km on 32 km used legs. And what lies immediately ahead is the climb into Hillcrest, the dip down to the bottom of the looming Botha’s Hill: big, the second highest point in the race.

A  Bruce Fordyce comment I once read always comes to mind in this part of the run. It went something like, “Don’t worry about the numbers. They are too big. They can scare you. Just run to the next marker board.” And so you go, one km at a time.

You can make yourself feel better imagining  along the more or less down (except for the few ups), to the halfway that follows Botha’s Hill.  Where you can run let gravity do  some of the work. Nearly like a cyclist freewheeling. Hoping that your training has toughened your legs enough for the downs. Because you aren’t even halfway yet and you should still be feeling ok especially as you have another 45 km to run.

You can also imagine getting to halfway, 43.5 km. Lots of people, music, the booming beat thumps up towards you on the road down. Relate halfway  to the last standard marathon you ran. How you felt at the end of it. Then think about running another 43.5 km. Take the cheer of the crowd, music, volunteers. Then ease into Inchanga Bank, so-called; big hill, so-encountered. Get to the top and its easy, only 40 km to go. Except that it also gets harder the further you go.

Mind unlock smallNext you can think of the 60 km mark at Cato Ridge. Only 27 km to go. Relate that to your longest training run and how you felt then. If you got your taper right you should be feeling much better during Comrades after 60 km than during your training, as you have sharpened and rested before the big run. Should be. Could be.  

Keep going.

Eventually imagine the highest point of the run, Umlaas Road, ~79 km done and just over 18 to go. Getting to the teens makes it easier to think that the run will finish, one day. 

Of course there’s Polly Shorrts. Face it. Before the run. At the bottom it’s maybe 9 or 10 km to go. Get it right in your mind now. It’s the last obstacle. It’s hard, no question. Less because it’s steep. More because it’s yet another relentless hill and you have little strength left.  

But its only a hill. It ends. All you have to do is go up it. And up. And keep going up. If you need it you have reserve energy – one tank of courage, one tank of deep-survival. use some of that. Or save it for the after party. Which isn’t too far away.

That’s it. If the TV camera points at you, get up a grin, pull out a comb.

Face the mind-benders before the run. It’s less scary when you are out there if you know what’s coming. The terror won’t eat you up.

Out there you can just concentrate on keeping going forward as best and fast as you can, sipping water as you go.  

Get the Comrades spirit, the inner strength that rises you to the occasion, the goodwill towards others, start rising now so it  can carry you to the end.


Read here for a second exercise in preparing your mind for Comrades



You can call it Fear.

It’s more.

It’s the real you, the you that has to do the hard miles, asking the ego-you that one that likes to talk and dream and take chances:

Are you doing the right things now? Do you have the right run-day plan? Can you handle a hilly 87 km effort, maybe pain? Do you really want this run?

Get your preparation, race-day plan and motivation right and your stomach churns less.

The taper idea

The taper theory

Having built distance into the legs and reaching the  peak mileage week, the next and last phase of Comrades training is the taper.

The idea of the taper is to lessen the weekly distance run (mostly the long run of the week) while  increasing the intensity of running, so that the effort-demand stays the same without the wear of  long runs and longish runs on top of other long runs.

I’ve come to think of the mileage- and endurance-building phase as a hardening, toughening phase. The taper is a tempering phase. The first builds steel into my running muscles. The second makes them stiller tougher, and adds a bit of whip and sharpness to them – like a well-made sword.

What this means in practice for me  is that I keep the number of days of running, make the weekly long run shorter, while pushing harder on some of the hills. If I can get myself motivated, even to approximate interval training by running harder for distances up 1 km during the runs I do.

Maintaining intensity is important. So is watching for the effects of overdoing running


  • One of the body adaptations of the long training weeks is an increase in blood volume – to feed the muscles at the level at which they are expected to work. This is the one the worry me most. If the work rate drops the blood volume begins to drop except that I still need it for Comrades run-day.  Increasing the intensity during runs keeps the workrate high and keeps blood volume at the right levels.

Intensity – hill work, intervals, paced runs over set distances – also increase leg speed. Which has a direct impact on Comrades race pace. A good taper cut 10-15 seconds per km off the pace which can be maintained over the Comrades distance. I know that’s why I could cruise the last 12 km of Comrades in my best year at 4:45 min/km rather than the 5 min/km I planned.

Even 5 seconds per km is good. It translates into 7 min quicker over the route. Or a 7 min “cushion”.

  • Increasing intensity also make me feel really pumped up, and life and world look infinitely  luscious as long as its all not too much.

Overdoing it

  • Doing too much is always a risk. It’s even more of a risk now in the last weeks leading into Comrades. Slight sniffles quickly become colds and flu’s. And the time taken recover properly from a cold, more from a flu, more from antibiotics destroys so much of the training already done. And while recovering you don’t run so the effects of not running kick in – the drop in blood volume, the accumulation of the by-products of running which can jam you up. 

Its best to notice the early warning symptoms – higher pulse rate, itchy throat, drippy nose, tiredness, sore muscles, a little cough. Which means its best not to ignore them

Its good to eat even more healthily, lots of a variety of fresh fruit and vegetables, Even more consistent drinking.

Its good too to err on the side of caution. If you think its too much don’t do it.

The practice

  • Today is the second day of my taper. I ran 8 km carefully checking as I ran, the state of my feet, ankles, calves, knees, quads. No problems at all. The long runs didn’t lay waste to my body.
  • The first day of my taper for 2013, I started it with a long sleep and no running. I missed being out under the stars  but it’s okay.

I need another glass of water.

And an orange.

The longest week done

Comrades Training Theory

The short version of  the theory of the distance part of Comrades training is this:

  1. Starting with what you can cope with in January
  2. run weeks of increasing mileage so that first 10 weeks average is rounghly 10% less than the second 10 weeks average
  3. with a once a week long run of not more than one-third of the weekly distance
  4. except for at least three runs over 32 km runs
  5. building towards a peak week 4 weeks out from Comrades run day
  6. all within your limits so you don’t break down and arrive fresh at the start which means
  7.  maybe three easier weeks in between the build up weeks (one every 4 to 5 weeks)
  8. continually assessing what you are doing and its impact on you and your life as a measure of the impact of your training
  9. and cutting back if you are doing too much.

Comrades Training Practice

1-Current training chartThis is how the theory has worked so far this year, 2013, for me (I know its not world beating stuff. I do what I can, taking a bit of a chance  by pushing my limits):

  1. I was sure I could cope with 40 km a week in January and aimed at doing 40 km average for the first 10 weeks, 50 km for the last 10 so averaging 45 for the 20 weeks of training. The Comrades minimum total distance training. Its not much i know but enough to get me a finish in not much more than 11 hours because I still have a bit of speed in me.
  2. I thought I could do a bit more and aimed at 45 km in the first phase, 55 in the second phase to average 50.
  3. Its working out to a bit more, an average of 52 km per week.
  4. I’ve done 4 runs over 32km – two standard marathons, the 56-km Two Oceans marathon and my own 44-km run according to map my run, I call it 40 kms but log 42 just in case. The point really was that it took 4:40:35 and that was just great.
  5. Having set a base of 45 km a week I built towards the peak week – aiming at replicating this years Comrades’ distance of about 87 km.
  6. I got there this last week on Saturday, laying down ~90 km. I did push than more than safe, but I really wanted a 4+ hour run.  I sniffled on Sunday, haven’t run today. but am otherwise uninjured and undrained and am feeling better all the time and looking forward to the run.
  7. I’m happy.

Now for the taper.

Pushing the limits

Peak Distance Weeks

The idea of Comrades training is always to push your running limits closer of the demands of the run, even to meet the demands if we can. Running lots to make you stronger, without breaking you down.

My plan is always to build to a peak-distance week 3, preferably 4 weeks before race day. I got that from the books I read. It works.

It’s a balancing act too. Push too hard and you break down. Don’t push hard enough and you feel dissatisfied, that you left something out there, an opportunity for a year, maybe forever.

Weekly Summary

Building mileage after the long training run

So I run as much as I can, accumulate as many miles as I can, while watching for signs of breaking down.

For the past four nights I have been sleeping badly, needing sleep but not being able to sleep properly and deeply. I pick at food. Other times I confidently eat the variety and quantities at the times I know will work for me.

I’m reaching my limit. I’m not backing off just yet – trying to eat better and get more sleep.

There are other signs of impending breakdown. “Watch for them, hear what they say,” I tell myself. Work with them.

Early warning signs

  • waking up tired and not wanting to run or running is a chore rather than fun
  • eat, sleeping erratically, problems getting rid of solid waste or it just runs out
  • legs tired in a run and not improving after ~20 min
  • general tiredness, sex drive lower than normal, general zip and zest, enthusiasm for life lower than normal
  • bumping into things more, not being able to find  shoes or running pants or other important thing.
  • increased irritatability, aggression, anxiety over little things
  • obsessing over whether you should be doing more
  • haggard and ragged looks, not caring much for your appearance
  • friends, family pointing out to you that maybe you are running too much

So what to do?

It’s easy. Rest, Sleep, Eat right. Drink lots. Bruce Fordyce’s dictum is deeply ingrained in me: something like: when in doubt, don’t run. Of if you have started, then stop and walk home.

I often run with money to get a taxi home, or with my phone and offer breakfast at a great beachfront place if only someone will fetch me and take me home.

And don’t run. Cycle. Walk. Play with the kids. Keep the heart rate up without doing leg muscle damage, without straining.

Oh, and avoid people with colds and ‘flu. Run from them. You can log the distance.

Four or five days is usually enough to get the zip back into my legs.

Reaching my limits

I must be getting to my limits.

I’m not sleeping right. I go to sleep early to get a proper sleep and wake, after 4 hours feeling awful but unable to sleep again
Nor am I eating right. I pick at food, eat junk and less healthy food because its easier and don’t make sure I get the right variety and quantities of food as I would other times
I keep bumping into things that should be easy to avoid, like the corner of our kitchen counter.
My wife says maybe I am doing too much.

Other things are right though: I still want to get out and run, my zip and zest, my libido if your like are okay, the crispness of early bird calls is still thrilling.

So I know I am not breaking down yet. but I know that must be careful

So it’s time to make sure

  • not to push too hard
  • I eat right and drink enough liquid
  • get proper rest
  • monitor my running, my body and maybe adjust the targets

Pushing these limits is where I want to be. I must just watch that  I don’t push myself through them

Rest day

Don’t know if I like rest days.

Part of me says “Run … just a bit”.

Most of me restlessly rests. I get up at the same time as running days anyway. Sleep just isn’t a comfort thing. Or more accurately, my comforts don’t need to sleep – but that’s another story.

The real me is looking forward to the long run early tomorrow morning. Two maybe three and a bit hours of free running and roaming.

My running conscience nags. “Enough of this morning running. Run late afternoons,” it says and goes on and on. “You’ve got this early morning rising routine and running at 5:30 am ingrained. But it’s not enough. You might end up running at 5 pm too.” It is a bit encouraging. “Don’t worry, you won’t have to still be running at 5:29 pm. You’ve done enough.” 

But I do like rest days. One thing is I don’t have to do anything about running, no lace up shoes, no extra washing. I can relax with the first coffee and orange of the day. I know it’s doing me good not to run again.